The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 28th December 2018 has approved Submission of India’s second Biennial Update Report (BUR) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC) towards the fulfillment of the reporting obligation under the Convention.
It is India’s second BUR to UNFCCC and consists of five major components as follows:
1. National Circumstances;
2. National Greenhouse Gas Inventory;
3. Mitigation Actions;
4. Finance, Technology, and Capacity Building Needs and Support Received and
5. Domestic Monitoring, Reporting, and Verification (MRV) arrangements.
The BUR has been reviewed by Technical Advisory Committee of Experts chaired by Additional Secretary (Climate Change) and by National Steering Committee chaired by Secretary (EF&CC).
Out of the total 23,06,295 Gigagrams (Gg) COA equivalent (around 2.306 billion tonnes of CO2 equivalent) emissions, energy sector accounted for 73%, IPPU 8%, agriculture 16% and waste sector 3%.
About 12% of emissions were offset by the carbon sink action of forestland, cropland, and settlements.