Revolution of the Earth
The movement of the Earth around the Sun in a fixed path is called a revolution. The Earth completes one revolution around the Sun in one year or precisely in 365.242 days. The Earth revolving from west to east such as in the anticlockwise direction.
Rotation of the Earth
The spinning of the Earth around its axis is called ‘rotation’. The axis has an angle of 2312∘ and is perpendicular to the plane of Earth’s orbit. the northern and southern hemispheres lean towards away from the Sun. The rotation of the Earth divides it into a light up half and a dark half, which gives rise to day and night.
|Rotation of the Earth is its turning on its axis.||Revolution is the movement of the Earth around the Sun.|
|The Earth takes 24 hours to complete a rotation around the Sun.||The Earth takes a full year (365 days) for one complete revolution around the Sun|
|The Earth’s axis of rotation is tilted by 23.5 degrees. This tilt causes the different seasons of the year.||The path of the Earth moving around the Sun is called an orbit. The Earth’s orbit is elliptical.|