Wildlife Crime Control Bureau (WCCB) is a statutory multi-disciplinary body works under Union Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC) to combat organized wildlife crime in India.
WCCB was established in June 2007 by amending Wildlife (Protection) Act (WLPA), 1972, a special Act to protect wildlife and fauna in the country.
Under Section 38 (Z) of WLPA, 1972, it is mandated to collect and collate intelligence related to organized wildlife crime and disseminate it to state and other enforcement agencies for immediate action. It assists foreign authorities and international organization concerned to facilitate co-ordination and universal action for wildlife crime control.
WCCB is tasked with capacity building of wildlife crime enforcement agencies for the scientific and professional investigation into wildlife crimes and assists states to ensure success in wildlife crimes prosecutions. It advises Union Government on issues relating to wildlife crimes having national and international ramifications, relevant policy and laws.
WCCB also assists and advises the Customs authorities in the inspection of the consignments of flora & fauna as per the provisions of Wild Life Protection Act, Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) and EXIM Policy governing such an item.