India on 30 January, marks Martyr’s Day or Shaheed Diwas to pay homage to the victims who fought for the freedom, welfare, and progress of India.
Martyr’s Day also marks the assassination date of the father of the nation, Mahatma Gandhi in 1948, by Nathuram Godse.
Mahatma Gandhi was a great freedom fighter who taught the lesson of non-violence and worked on building the unity of the nation which was broken by the British. After India got Independence in 1947, Bapu stayed away from politics and started working on the harmony, peace, and brotherhood among the people.
On January 1948, the ‘Father of the Nation’ was assassinated at Gandhi Smriti in the Birla House during the evening prayers. The Government of India announced the day as Shaheed Diwas or Martyr’s Day.
On Martyr's Day the president, the vice president, the prime minister, the defence minister, and the three Service Chiefs of India gather at the samadhi at Raj Ghat memorial and lay wreaths decorated with multi-color flowers.
A two-minute silence in memory of Indian martyrs is also observed throughout the country at 11 am.