Compared to other countries of the world, India has been doves by more ethnic and religious groups. Many intellectuals saw that India is a captivating country where people of many different communities and religions live together in harmony. Indian Population is polygenetic and is a wonderful merging of different castes and cultures.
Caste:- In the contemporary Indian scenario, caste mobilization has become an important factor in determining Indian politics. Ideally, caste and democratic political system symbolize opposite value systems. Caste is hierarchical. In a caste-oriented social system, a person's status is determined by birth. There is religious sanction by various sacred texts, which are reinforced by priests and rituals. Traditionally, upper castes were given certain privileges not only in the religious area but also in economic, education and political spheres.
Religion: Another type of identity politics is that which is generated through the development of a community on the shared link of religion. Religion is a system of belief systems or cultural systems that connects humanity to spirituality and moral values. Many religions may have organized behaviors, clergy, compliance or membership, holy places, and scriptures.
Ethnicity: Ethnicity refers to physical characteristics as well as social traits which are shared by a human population. Ethnicity shows the cultural and physical characteristics that are used to classify people in groups or categories, which are considered very different from others.