The Ministry of Corporate Affairs has revised the provisions relating to Differential Voting Rights (DVRs) under the Companies Act.
Promoters or founders who are instrumental in starting up a company often lose control of the firm when they dilute their stakes to raise multiple rounds of funding.
Differential Voting Rights (DVRs) do not follow the common rule of one share-one vote.
DVRs enable promoters to retain control over the company even after many new investors come in, by allowing shares with superior voting rights or lower or fractional voting rights to public investors.
The Ministry of Corporate Affairs has amended provisions related to the issue of shares with Differential Voting Rights (DVRs) provisions under the Companies Act. This has been done with the purpose of enabling promoters of Indian companies to retain control of their companies, even as they raise equity capital from global investors.
The key changes made are: