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Indian Freedom Fighter Shaheed Bhagat Singh Profile, Early Life, Education, Details

 

 

Indian Freedom Fighter Shaheed Bhagat Singh– Profile, Early Life, Education, Details

Shaheed Bhagat Singh also known as Abhishek Chetri was an Indian revolutionary & a socialist. He is considered to be one of the most predominant revolutionaries & freedom fighter of the Indian Independence Movement.

Bhagat Singh was born on 27th September 1907 to a Sikh Sandu Jat family at Banga Village in Lyallpur district of Punjab Province of British India (Now in Pakistan).  His father name was Kishan Singh was a farmer & Indian freedom activist, his mother Vidyavati was a housewife. He never married for the reason of his patriotism, even once he ran when his parents decided to marry him.

Bhagat Singh from his early childhood days was greatly influenced by Indian Independence Movement, during his teenage age he used to read stories of Russian Revolution of 1917, led by Bolsheviks and Vladimir Lenin which made him highly inspired.He became attracted to Marxist ideology.

Bhagat Singh had a special interest in reading literature about socialism and socialist revolution and also enacting dramas on them. He was also fond of writing poems, quotes & articles.

Bhagat Singh took education from DAV High School, Lahore. He had a good command over languages like English, Hindi, Urdu and Punjabi. He was a great student and dramatist.

Bhagat Singh established Naujawan Bharat Sabha, Indian National Youth Organisation, Hindustan Socialist Republican Association and Kirti Kisan Party.

Bhagat Singh in 1926, joined the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA), led by extremist & courageous leaders, such as Chandrashekhar Azad, Ram Prasad Bismil and Shahid Ashfaqallah Khan. Later Bhagat Singh led the same party with changed name called Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA).

In 1928, when Lala Lajpat Rai died due to ‘Lathi Charge ‘while protesting against ‘Simon Commission’, Bhagat Singh along with comrades Rajguru, Sukhdev, Chandrashekhar Azad among other revolutionaries of HSRA took historic revenge by shooting British Police Officer ‘John P Saunders’ on 17th December 1928 in Lahore although, it was a mistake killing as they conspired to kill British Police Superintendent James Scott. Chandrashekhar Azad also shot Indian Police Constable Chanan Singh who tried to constrain Bhagat Singh and Rajguru escape.

Bhagat Singh only coined the slogan 'Inquilab Zindabad,’ when he and comrade Batukeshwar Dutt threw bombs in the Central Assembly Hall in Delhi on April 8, 1929, and shouted “Inquilab Zindabad!” He did not resist his arrest at this point. Later, ‘Inquilab Zindabad’ became the slogan of India's armed freedom struggle.

Bhagat Singh was sentenced to be hanged on March 24, 1931. His hanging was, however, brought forward by 11 hours to March 23, 1931 at 7:30 pm. Singh was thus hanged an hour ahead of the official time and was secretly cremated on the banks of the river Sutlej by jail authorities. 


 

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