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Shimla Agreement (1972): important dates, reasons, place, countries details



The Shimla Agreement between India and Pakistan in 1972, details 

The Shimla Agreement was signed after the 1971 war between India and Pakistan that eventually led to the formation of Bangladesh. 

Shimla Agreement was signed by Prime minister Indira Gandhi and President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto of Pakistan on 2nd July 1972. This was a peace treaty between both the countries after 1971 war signed in Raj Bhavan, Shimla (the capital city of Himachal Pradesh), India. 

Shimla agreement paved the way for diplomatic recognition of Bangladesh. It was drafted on June 28, 1972, signed on July 2, 1972, and effective from August 4, 1972.

It followed from the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971 that led to the independence of Bangladesh, which was earlier known as East Pakistan and was part of the territory of Pakistan. India entered in the war as an ally of Bangladesh which transformed the war into an Indo-Pakistani war of 1971. 


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