Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvarayawas was India’s most eminent civil engineer, dam builder, economist, statesman and the 19th Diwan of Mysore (912 to 1918). He can be counted among the last century’s foremost nation-builders till date.
Sir M. Visvesvaraya was also the Diwan of Mysore from 1912 to 1918. He was the chief engineer responsible for the construction of the Krishna Raja Sagara Dam in Mysore as well as the chief designer of the flood protection system for the city of Hyderabad.
Sir M. Visvesvaraya was globally known for his contribution to harnessing water resources, he was, among other things, responsible for the building and consolidation of dams across the country. He is also credited with inventing the Block System-automated doors that close in the conditions of overflow.
Sir M. Visvesvarayawas, in the year 1955, received the prestigious highest civilian award 'Bharat Ratna' from the Government of India. Earlier, he was also awarded with the British Knighthood (KCIE) by King George V, and hence has the honorific "Sir".
In India, various colleges & institutions including the 'Visvesvaraya Technological University' in Belgaum, Karnataka has been named after Sir M. Visvesvarayawas. His birth anniversary is also marked as 'Engineers' Day since, 1968 in India.