Article 15 of the Indian Constitution Act,1949 says about the prohibition of discrimination on the basis of sex, religion, caste, color or place of birth.
Article 15 comes under Part III of the Indian constitution and is categorized under ‘Right to Equality’.
Article 15 (1) No citizen shall be discriminated only on the grounds of sex, religion, caste, color or place of birth or any of them.
Article 15 (2) No citizen shall, on the above-mentioned grounds, be subject to any disability, liability, restriction or condition with regard to :
a) access to shops, public restaurants, hotels and palaces of public entertainment, or,
b) the use of wells, tanks, bathing ghats, roads and places of public resort maintained wholly or partly out of State funds or dedicated to the use of the general public.
Article 15 (3) Notwithstanding anything contained in this article shall prevent the state from making any provisions for women and children
Article 15 (4) Nothing in this article or in clause ( 2 ) of Article 29 shall prevent the State from making any special provision for the advancement of any socially and educationally backward classes of citizens or for the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes.
Article 15 (5) Nothing in this article or in sub-clause (g) of clause (1) of article 19 shall prevent the State from making any special provision, by law, for the advancement of any socially and educationally backward classes of citizens or for the Scheduled Castes or the Scheduled Tribes in so far as such special provisions relate to their admission to educational institutions including private educational institutions, whether aided or unaided by the State, other than the minority educational institutions referred to in clause (1) of article 30.