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Bharat Ratna APJ Abdul Kalam Profile, Early life, Awards, Achievement, Death



Bharat Ratna Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam: Early life, Achievement, Missile test ,Death

Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam was born on October 15, 1931, in the pilgrimage centre of Rameswaram on Pamban Island, then in the Madras Presidency, and now in the state of Tamil Nadu, to a Tamil Muslim family. His father, Jainulabdeen Marakayar, was a local boat owner and imam, while his mother, Ashiamma, was a housewife.His father owned a ferry that ran between Rameswaram and the now-deserted Dhanushkodi, transporting Hindu pilgrims back and forth.In his family, Kalam was the youngest of four brothers and one sister.His forefathers were affluent Marakayar traders and landowners, with a slew of properties and vast swaths of land. Despite the fact that his forefathers were wealthy Marakayar traders, the family had lost most of their assets by the 1920s and was impoverished when Kalam was born.

Kalam received mediocre grades in school but was noted as a bright and hardworking student with a great desire to learn. He devoted many hours to his academics, particularly mathematics.

After graduating from Ramanathapuram's Schwartz Higher Secondary School, Kalam went on to Saint Joseph's College in Tiruchirappalli, which was then associated with the University of Madras, where he earned a bachelor's degree in physics in 1954.In 1955, he came to Madras to pursue a degree in aerospace engineering at the Madras Institute of Technology.The Dean was disappointed with Kalam's lack of progress on a senior class assignment and threatened to cancel his scholarship unless the project was completed within the following three days. "I was putting you under stress and asking you to meet a tight deadline," Kalam subsequently told the Dean, who later responded to him, "I was putting you under stress and asking you to meet a difficult deadline."I was putting you under stress and asking you to reach a tight deadline," Kalam subsequently told the Dean, who later stated, "I was putting you under stress and asking you to meet a difficult deadline."He came within a whisker of realising his dream of becoming a fighter pilot, as he finished tenth in qualifying while only eight seats in the IAF were available.

After graduating from Madras Institute of Technology in 1960, Kalam joined the Defence Research and Development Organisation's Aeronautical Development Establishment as a scientist after joining the Defence Research and Development Service (via Press Information Bureau, Government of India) (DRDS).

He began his career by building a small hovercraft, but his decision to work for the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) did not convince him.Kalam also served on the INCOSPAR committee, which was led by renowned space scientist Vikram Sarabhai.

Last moment of Abdul kalam

He was the winner of numerous important accolades, including India's highest civilian honour, the Bharat Ratna. Kalam slumped and died from an apparent heart arrest while delivering a lecture at the Indian Institute of Management Shillong on July 27, 2015, at the age of 83.


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