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Today in History: History of 5 December



Important Events of 5 December: What happened on this day? 

771- Charlemagne becomes the sole King of the Franks after the death of his brother Carloman. 

1349- 500 Jews of Nuremberg massacred during Black Death riots. 

1456- Earthquake strikes Naples; about 35,000 dead. 

1792- George Washington re-elected as US President. 

1848- US President Polk triggers Gold Rush of 1849 by confirming gold discovery in California. 

1912- The triple alliance among Italy, Austria, and Germany (originally signed in 1882) is renewed for six years, beginning in 1914, a move inspired by instability in the Balkans. 

1918- Oil refinery on Curacao opens. 

1935- First commercial hydroponics operation established (Montebello, California). 

1935- National Council for Negro Women forms by Mary McLeod Bethune. 

1941- US aircraft carrier Lexington and 5 heavy cruisers leave Pearl Harbor. 

1955- Historic bus boycott begins in Montgomery Alabama by Rosa Parks. 

1957- President Sukarno of Indonesia expels all Dutch people. 

1971- Libya nationalizes British Petroleum concession. 

1975- NASA launches space vehicle S-196, it failed. 

1981- France performs the Nuclear test. 

1985- Great Britain performs the nuclear test. 

2008- Human remains previously found in 1991 are finally identified by Russian and American scientists as those of Tsar Nicholas II. 

2016- Malta becomes the 1st country in Europe to outlaw conversion therapy. 

2017- Online store Amazon begins operations in Australia. 

2017- Artist Lubaina Himid wins Britain's Turner Prize, the oldest person at 63 and first nonwhite woman. 


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