Indian Space Research Organisation (Isro) is all set to launch Chandrayaan-2, India’s second mission to the Moon in February 2019.
India’s first lunar probe Chandrayaan-1 was successfully launched by the ISRO in October 2008 and was operated till August 2009.
Chandrayaan-2 mission is a totally indigenous venture comprising of an orbiter, a lander and a rover.
There would be a controlled descent and the lander would soft-land on the lunar surface at a specified site and deploy a rover.
The rover would then move around the landing site on the lunar surface in a semi-autonomous mode as decided by the ground commands.
The rover will observe the lunar surface and send back the data. This data will be useful for analysis of the lunar soil.
The payloads will collect scientific information on lunar topography, mineralogy, elemental abundance, lunar exosphere and signatures of hydroxyl and water-ice.
The 3,290-kg Chandrayaan-2 will orbit the Moon and perform the objectives of remote sensing the moon.