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Chief Justice of India (CJI) Selection Process, Eligibility Criteria, Tenure, Salary



The selection process of Chief Justice of India (CJI), eligibility, Tenure, Salary, Seniority at Apex Court

The president of India appoints the Chief Justice of India and becomes the chief guest and authority during the oath ceremony of the same.

The basic requirement needed to become the Chief Justice of India is that one has to be the senior most (age wise) amongst the 31 judges of the honorable supreme court.

Chief Justice of India is the supreme head of Indian judiciary systems and the supreme court of India. As head of the Supreme Court, The Chief Justice is responsible for the allocation of cases and appointment of constitutional benches which deal with important matters of law.

As per Article 124 of the Constitution of India provide the manner of appointing judges to the Supreme Court. Though no specific provision exists in the Constitution for appointing the Chief Justice, who, as a result, is appointed like the other judges

Seniority at the apex court is determined not by age, but by:

  1. The date a judge was appointed to the Supreme Court.
  2. If two judges are elevated to the Supreme Court on the same day,
  3. a) The one who was sworn in first as a judge would trump another;
  4. b) If both were sworn in as judges on the same day, the one with more years of high court service would win in the seniority stakes;
  5. c) An appointment from the bench would trump in seniority an appointee from the bar.

The Chief Justice of India is getting a monthly salary of Rs2.80 lakh, judges of the Supreme Court and chief justices of high courts will draw a monthly salary of Rs2.50 lakh.


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