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Geomorphology: Endogenic Forces Definition, Working, Types, Importance, Features



Endogenic forces are responsible for bringing changes on the earth surface via internal processes

Endogenic forces are two types of 1. slow movements (diastrophic) and 2. sudden movements. 

Endogenic slow movement forces are so much slow that it can go beyond traceability in a human lifetime. 

Endogenic Slow Movement Forces known as Diastrophic forces refer to forces generated by the movement of the solid material of the earth’s crust.

All the processes that move, elevate or build portions of the earth's crust come under diastrophism. Diastrophism includes:

  1. Orogenic processes like mountain building through severe folding and affecting long and narrow belts of the earth's upper crust.
  2. Epeirogenic processes involving uplift or warping of large parts of the earth's crust.
  3. Plate tectonics involving horizontal movements of crustal plates.
  4. Earthquakes involving local relatively minor movements.

Slow movements from Endogenic Forces can again be classified as vertical movements and horizontal movements.

Vertical Movements (Epeirogenic movements):

Horizontal Movements (Orogenic Movements):

This way Endogenic forces in the form of Vertical (Epeirogenic Movement) and Horizontal (Orogenic Movement) play a vital role in transforming landmass via earth's internal processes.


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