National Commission for Scheduled Castes (NCSC) is an Indian constitutional body established with a view to providing safeguards against the exploitation of Scheduled Caste to promote and protect their social, educational, economic and cultural interests, special provisions were made in the Constitution.
The first Commission for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes was set up in August 1978 with Bhola Paswan Sastri as Chairman and other four Members.
In 1990 the Commission for SCs and STs was renamed as the National Commission for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes were formed as per 1987 and it was set up as a National Level Advisory Body to advise the Government on broad policy issues and levels of development of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes.
The social and economic position of the Scheduled Castes had been the concern of the founding fathers of the Constitution.
On the 89th Amendment of the Constitution coming into force on 19 February 2004, the National Commission for Scheduled Tribes has been set up under Article 338A on bifurcation of erstwhile National Commission for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes to oversee the implementation of various safeguards provided to Scheduled Tribes under the Constitution.