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Sikkim Geography, Location, Landmass, Terrain, Rivers, Dams, Features



Sikkim Geography, Location, Landmass, Terrain, Rivers, Dams, Features

Sikkim is a state in northeastern India. It's capital name is Gangtok. It was commissioned to Indian Union on 16th May 1975.

Sikkim is the least populous and second smallest among the Indian states. It has 4 districts and divided into four parts North, South, East, West.

Sikkim is located in the lap of Himalayas lies between 27 degrees 5' N to 20 degrees 9' N latitudes and 87 degrees 59' E to 88 degrees 56' E longitudes covering almost 7096 km of space, 

Sikkim borders Tibet in the north and northeast, Bhutan in the east, Nepal in the west, and West Bengal in the south. It is also located close to India's Siliguri Corridor near Bangladesh.

The strategic importance of Sikkim was realized in the 1960s during the 1962 Indo-China war and subsequent clashes at Nathu La and Chola in 1967. Sikkim is a strategic territory for both India and China.

Sikkim is the first state in India to make 100% Organic Farming.

Sikkim Peaks

1. Kangchendzonga (8585m)
2. Jon sang (7444m)
3. Kabru (7338 m)
4. Talung (7351m)
5. Frey's Peak
6. Siniolchu (6888 m)

Sikkim Glaciers

1. Zemu Glacier
2. Kangchendzonga Glacier
3. Rathong Glacier
4. Talung Glacier
5. Lhonak Glacier

Sikkim Rivers

1. Teesta                                                       3. 
2. Rangeet 

Sikkim Lakes

1. Tsomgo Lake
2. Green Lake
3. Chola Mu Lake
4. Khecheopalri Lake
5. Samiti Lake                                            

Sikkim Significant Passes

1. Nathula Pass
2. Jelap La Pass
3. Dongkhala Pass
4. Chiwabhanjang Pass


Capital: Gangtok

Largest City: Gangtok

Official Language: English, Nepali, Bhutia, and Lepcha

Population: 61,0577

Literacy: 82.6% (13th)

Major Crops: Large cardamom, ginger, turmeric, off-season vegetables, flowers, Sikkim mandarin, kiwi, buckwheat, paddy maize, and millets.

State Animal: Red Panda

State Bird: Blood Pheasant

State Flower: Noble Orchid

State Tree: Rhododendron

Governor: Ganga Prasad

Chief Minister: Pawan Kumar Chamling 


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