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Biology: Genetic disorder, chromosomes and autosomes

Biology: Genetic disorder,  sex-determining mechanism chromosomes, pregnancy, and autosomes Genetic disorder has already been mentioned that the sex-determining mechanism in case of humans is XY type. Out of 23 pairs of ...

Biology: DNA fingerprint, Genetics, Education, Discovery, and Technique

Biology: The fingerprints of each individual differ from another and can be used to identify them, the DNA fingerprinting technique is used to identify individuals. Nowadays, DNA fingerprinting is also called DNA profiling. The entire genome of a person ...

Mutation: Definition, Genetic algorithm, testing, and theory

Mutation: Definition, Genetic algorithm, testing, and theory Mutation is a substitution of a genetic sequence. Mutations incorporate shifts as inadequate as the replacement of a particular DNA structure block, or nucleotide ...

RNA Translation (Protein Synthesis): Definition, Procedure, Termination, Importance

Synthesis of the Protein from mRNA: Introduction, Steps, Essential parts, Significance Translation is the process by which a protein is synthesized from the information contained in a molecule of messenger RNA ...

Chromosome: Definition, Types, Structure, Functions, Role, Significance

Chromosomes: Introduction, Types of chromosomes, roles in the cell, works, and importance A chromosome is a single, long fragment of DNA. These highly standardized structures conserve genetic information in living organisms. ...

Histone Protein: Type, Structure, Function, Role, Importance for DNA

Histone Proteins: Introduction, Types, Works, Chemical & Physical properties, Significance Histones are a family of basic proteins that associate with DNA in the nucleus and help condense it into chromatin. Nuclear ...

DNA Transcription: Introduction, Procedure, Enzymes, Facts, Importance

The transcription of the DNA molecule into mRNA, process, significance, details Transcription is the process by which the information in a strand of DNA is copied into a new molecule of ...

DNA Replication Process, Steps, Diagram, Enzymes, Importance for Genetics

DNA Replication, definition, procedure, steps, features, significance DNA replication is the method by which a double-stranded DNA molecule is copied to generate two identical DNA molecules. Replication is a fundamental process because, ...

Gel electrophoresis technique: Definition, process, steps, purpose, facts

What is gel electrophoresis technique and what it is used for? Definition, Procedure, and Facts Gel electrophoresis is a laboratory method used to separate mixtures of DNA, RNA, or proteins according ...

DNA Synthesis: Polymerase chain reaction (PCR), Definition, Procedure, Steps, Purpose

Polymerase Chain Reaction Technique: Introduction, Mechanism, Steps, and Objectives Polymerase chain reaction( PCR) is a laboratory technique used to make multiple copies of a segment of DNA. PCR is extremely accurate and can ...

Nobel Prize winner Francis Crick Biography, Researches on DNA, Awards, Achievements

Nobel Prize winner Francis Crick early life, education, DNA double-helical structure discovery, awards, and achievements Francis Crick is responsible for discovering, along with James Watson, the double-helix structure of the DNA ...

Nobel Prize winner James D. Watson: profile, research on DNA, achievements, awards

Nobel Prize winner biophysicist J. D. Watson early life, researches on DNA's double-helical structure, awards, and achievements James D. Watson is a Nobel Prize-winning biophysicist and researcher recognized with co-discovering the ...

Deoxyribonucliec Acid(DNA): Introduction, Discovery, Chemical Structure, Significance

Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA):  Definition, Structure, Discovery, Functions Definition:- DNA is deoxyribonucleic acid. It is located in the nuclei of cells, which make up the body. Consequently, DNA can be considered as one ...